Instructions to Authors

Manuscript preparation: Manuscript must be type written in double-space, font size 12 with wide margins (2.5 cm) on all sides of a white A4 paper. To expedite publication, the Editorial Board prefers to communicate with authors by e-mail. The Editors reserve the right to adjust style and language to certain standards of uniformity.

Title: Title should be concise and informative.

Author names and affiliations: Author name(s) to be written in capital letters. For affiliations, full postal address to be written just below the author name(s). Indicate all affiliations subsequently.

Corresponding author: Clearly indicate the corresponding author by putting a * over the name of the author, who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication, and post-publication. Email address and phone number to be written clearly.

Abstract: A concise and factual abstract (within 250 words)is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions.

Key words: Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords.

Text: Follow this order when typing manuscripts:

For Literatures , Business and humanities group-Title, Authors (with Affiliations) , Abstract, Key words, Main Text as usual, Conclusion, Acknowledgements and References.
The words such as Abstract, Conclusion, Acknowledgements and References to be written in capital letters like ABSTRACT, CONCLUSION, ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS and REFERENCES. Key words to be written in normal letters like “Key words”.

For Science group- Title, Authors (with affiliations), Abstract, Key words, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements and References. The words such as Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusion , Acknowledgements and References to be written in capital letters like ABSTRACT, INTRODUCTION,MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS AND DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION, ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS AND REFERENCES. Keywords to be written in normal letters like “Key words”.

References: The following system should be used for arranging references:

1. Journal papers: Names and initials of all authors, year. Title of paper. Journal name (given in full or abbreviated using the International List of Periodical Title Word Abbreviations), Volume number (issue number): first and last page number of the paper.

Example:

a) Singh AB and Kumar P (2004). Aerial pollen diversity in India and their clinical significance in allergic diseases. Ind. J Clin Biochem.19:190-201.

b) Chakraborty P, Ghosh D, Chowdhury I, Ray I, Chatterjee S, Chanda S and Gupta-Bhattacharya S (2005). Aerobiological and immunological studies on Carica papaya L. pollen: An aeroallergen from India. Allergy 60: 920-926.

2. Books: Names and initials of all authors, year. Title of book. Name of publisher, location of publisher, ISBN, page numbers.

Example:
Bhattacharya K, Majumdar MR and Gupta-Bhattacharya S (2011). A text book of Palynology. New Central Book Agency (P) Ltd., Calcutta, ISBN 81-7381-500-3, pp.182-184.

3. Editorial volume papers: Names and initials of all authors, year. Title of paper, Names and initials of the volume editors, title of the edited volume. Publisher, location of publisher, first and last page number of the papers.

Example:

Thomas E (1992). Middle Eocene-late Oligocene bathyal benthic foraminifera (Weddell Sea): faunal changes and implications for ocean circulation. In: Prothero DR and Berggren WA (Eds.), Eocene-Oligocene Climatic and Biotic Evolution. Princeton University Press. Princeton, NJ, pp. 245-271.

4. Conference proceedings papers: Names and initials of all authors, year. Title of paper.Name of the conference. Publisher, location of publisher, first and last page number of the paper.

Example:
Smith MW (1988). The significance of climatic change for the permafrost environment. Final Proc. Int. Conf. Permafrost. Tapir, Trondheim, Norway, pp. 18-23.

5. Unpublished theses, reports etc:
Names and initials of all authors, year. Title of item. All other relevant information needed to identify the item (e.g. technical report, Ph.D thesis, institute, etc.).

Example: Moustakas N (1990). Relationships of morphological and physicochemical properties of Vertisols under Greek climate conditions, Ph.D. Thesis, Agricultural University. Athens, Greece.

Submission of paper:

All manuscripts completed in all respects should be submitted in duplicate by post to the Editor(s) of the journal. An electronic version of the same as per the instructions must be sent to focus.nmarambagh@gmail.com. Manuscript will be considered for publication with the understanding that the work has not been published previously(except in the form of an abstract or as a part of an academic thesis) and that it is not under consideration for publication is approved by all authors and all authors are aware of the data/information provided.

Copyright: Focus reserves the copy right of all the articles and information published in the journal.